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Expert concerned over rising cardiovascular diseases in youth

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KARACHI: Increasing number of young patients with cardiovascular diseases in Outpatient Departments (OPDs) of National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD) hospital is a matter grave concern for society.  Assistant Professor NICVD Dr Muhammad Tariq Ashraf on Saturday expressed concern over the increasing prevalence of heart diseases in the country, particularly among the youth due to lack of awareness and unhealthy lifestyle. He informed around 2,000 to 2,500 patients were dealt in the OPDs and 600 to 800 patients were brought to the emergency ward of NICVD on daily basis. About 10 to 15 cases out of every100 OPD patients are youngsters between 20 to 25 years age. He said heart diseases in such age were surprising even for health practitioners.He said there was no trend of occurrence of heart disease in the western countries in young age. He said heart diseases were on rise in the Pakistan but unfortunately there was no specific updated data was available at national level in this regard.  He said more patients with heart diseases were visiting OPDs of government and private hospitals as compared to past. Dr Tariq said according the World Health Organisation (WHO) report issued in 2011 the heart disease deaths share 15.36 percent in total 196,256 deaths of country. He said WHO report further showed that with adjusted death rate 222.95 on one million Pakistan ranked 17th in the world in heart disease cases.He said unhealthy lifestyle, lack of sleep, consumption of junk food and excessive smoking among youth was the reason why people was developing heart diseases in their early 40s. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the leading cause of cardiovascular diseases followed by hypertension and congenital heart diseases.He said cardiovascular diseases were not limited to the elite class only like past and now heart diseases were also common amongst the poor. People need to change their diet patterns by consuming more green and fresh vegetables and fruits and by avoiding junk food. 

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