KARACHI: Historical evolution of modern nation-state system tells us there have been two forms of transitions involved. First was the ‘Great Transformation’, which deals with emergence of some institutions such as, state, bureaucracy and markets, while second phase was ‘Small Transformation’ which deals with transition to democracy, which came much later.
Boris Wilke senior researcher Institute of Conflict and Violence Research University of Bielefeld Germany in a seminar on ‘Political Development, Democracy and Violence in Pakistan,’ at Karachi University (KU) on Wednesday said there were valuable lessons to be learned in understanding German political dynamics pre-second World War and its profound effect in the shaping of contemporary German politics. Key findings highlighted the fact Pakistan’s democratic transition is at a crossroad and its slow pace is one distinct difference from that of the German model. There is a need of comparative and cross-cultural research with a clear historical perspective to understand the dynamics of violence in Pakistan and its future prospects.
Prof Dr Mutahir Ahmed Chairman Department of International Relations KU said, “We do not see neutral state in Pakistan. During cold war era, state nurtured religious militant wings, which are now the major miscreants”. Non-state violence should be understood in linkage with the coercive policies of state. He said as far as the political and bureaucratic mindset was concerned we were still living in the medieval era.
Dean Faculty of Arts and Professor at Department of International Relations Dr Moonis Ahmar said one major commonality between Pakistan and Germany was that they both lost wars but Germany learned lessons from it but we did not. He said we were still in the process of becoming a nation-state. Solution of all the conflicts lies in a viable political process, which includes wisdom and tolerance. The seminar was followed by questions and answers session. Dr Farhan Hanif Siddiqui assistant Professor Department of International Relations gave vote of thanks.
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