Islamabad: Narendra Modi’s likely ascension to Indian premiership has caused huge uncertainty in the region. And his foreign policy inclinations, identified for his anti-Muslim rhetoric, are not known. This has added to concerns of neighbours in particular, said speakers at a roundtable discussion ‘Contemporary Regional Dynamics in Nuclearized South Asia’ held here other day.
“We do not expect justice and fair play in these matters based on politics. We do, however, ask for a credible system at the regional and global level for the reduction of uncertainties caused by developments like the rise of Modi in India”, said Pakistan’s former ambassador to Russia Mr Khalid Khattak while addressing the seminar organized by Strategic Vision Institute the experts called for a credible system that could address such uncertainties.
Indo-US nuclear cooperation had served a bigger blow to the non-proliferation initiative than the Ukraine crisis, Khattak said while adding that nuclear proliferation should not be viewed separately from the political context. He stressed upon to analyze the required political environment to deal with proliferation matters.
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is expected to emerge as the single largest party in the ongoing elections in India. MrModi has been named as BJP’s candidate for the office of the prime minister while BJP manifesto pledges to give up “no-first-use” policy on nuclear weapons, once voted into power.
Moreover, foreign policy inclinations of Modi, identified for his anti-Muslim rhetoric, are not known. This has added to concerns of neighbours in particular.
President Strategic Vision Institute and Author Dr Zafar Iqbal Cheema on this occasion said that BJP’s belligerent election rhetoric could impact bilateral Pak-India ties under a likely BJP government.
German Scholar Dr Oliver Meier while discussing the Ukraine crisis said that Russian actions constituted violation of the security assurances under Budapest Memorandum and could have implications for other regions.
The United States, Russian Federation, and the United Kingdom had through the 1994 Budapest Memorandum affirmed their commitment to Ukraine to respect the independence, sovereignty, and existing borders of Ukraine in return for its decision to accede to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons as a non-nuclear-weapon state.
Dr Meier said that the Ukraine crisis could affect the push for removal of the remaining tactical weapons from the Europe and could also force changes in missile defense system originally planned for threats from Iran and Syria.
The speakers felt that developments in Ukraine that had given up its nuclear weapons could cause sense of insecurity among other non-nuclear states.
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