BAGHDAD: Iraq said Sunday it had “regained the initiative” against militants who seized vast swathes of territory, as former UN mediator Lakhdar Brahimi blamed the crisis on global neglect of Syria’s civil war.
Washington responded to the sweeping unrest by deploying an aircraft carrier group to the Gulf, but Iran has warned against foreign military intervention in its Shia neighbour, voicing confidence that Baghdad can repel the onslaught.
The militants, spearheaded by the powerful Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) jihadist group, have overrun all of one province and chunks of three more since launching their offensive late Monday.
Security forces performed poorly at the outset, with some abandoning vehicles and positions and discarding their uniforms, though they seem to be recovering and have started to regain ground.
Officers said their forces were now starting to repel the militants, and that soldiers had recaptured two towns north of Baghdad.
Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki’s security spokesman, Lieutenant General Qassem Atta, said Sunday that Baghdad’s forces have “regained the initiative” and killed 279 “terrorists” in the past 24 hours.
Iraqi officials often announce large militant tolls, with no way of independent verification, and downplay their own casualties.
Officials added that security forces and tribal fighters repelled a militant assault in the strategic town of Tal Afar near the Syrian border. It provides a critical corridor for militants to access conflict-hit Syria.
Ten people were killed in militant shelling of the town, and 18 anti-government fighters also died in ensuing clashes.
And militants took control of the Al-Adhim area in Diyala province, north of Baghdad, officers said. Baghdad’s embattled forces will be joined by a flood of volunteers after a call to arms from top Shia cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, but a recruitment centre for volunteers came under attack on Sunday, killing six people.
US President Barack Obama said he was “looking at all the options” to halt the offensive that has brought militants within 80 kilometres (50 miles) of Baghdad’s city limits, but ruled out any return of American troops to combat in Iraq.
Washington has, however, ordered an aircraft carrier group into the Gulf in response.
Obama has been under mounting fire from his Republican opponents over the swift collapse of Iraq’s security forces, which Washington spent billions of dollars training and equipping before withdrawing its own troops in late 2011.
Tehran warned Sunday that “any foreign military intervention in Iraq” would only complicate the crisis, voicing confidence that Baghdad “has the capacity and necessary preparations for the fight against terrorism”.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said Saturday Iraq had not asked for its help.
But in surprise comments he added that Iran may “think about” cooperating with its arch-foe the United States to fight the militants in Iraq, despite the lack of diplomatic relations between Tehran and Washington for more than three decades.
Senator Lindsay Graham, a Republican critic of the American president, also called for direct engagement with Tehran, warning the unrest in Iraq would give extremists a staging area for “the next 9/11”.
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