Surge in Libya violence raises spectre of civil war

TRIPOLI: Libya’s government said on Tuesday it was considering calling for international forces to help restore security, as fighting between rival militias around Tripoli airport pushed the country closer to civil war.
With liberal and militias locked in a brutal power struggle, the country’s main international airport, which was shut down on Sunday for security reasons, came under renewed attack late Monday. Shortly afterwards the government said it was “looking into the possibility of making an appeal for international forces on the ground to re-establish security and help the government impose its authority”.
The statement from a spokesman added that the forces would help protect civilians, prevent anarchy and allow the government to build up the army and police. NATO warplanes helped topple dictator Moamer Kadhafi in 2011, sparking a power struggle between rival armed groups that has wracked the country ever since.
Speaking in Vienna, US Secretary of State John Kerry said Washington was “deeply concerned” about the growing levels of unrest in the North African nation, and was “working very hard to find political cohesion”.
“Every single day in the State Department we make assessments about the level of violence, about our personnel who are there, about our embassy.”
Clashes first broke out at Tripoli airport on Sunday when the Zintan militia which controls it was attacked by rival fighters. In a fresh attack launched late Monday, dozens of rockets — including one that hit a plane — were fired, killing a security guard and wounding six others, officials said. At least 10 aircraft of Libya’s main carriers Afriqiyah Airways and Libyan Airlines have been damaged, while the airport’s closure has severed Libya’s air links with the outside world.
On Tuesday, angry Libyans blocked several roads around Tripoli and burned tyres, in response to calls for civil disobedience in protest at the airport attacks, witnesses said. Some banks and shops also remained closed. Analysts say the latest clashes are tied to the preliminary results of a June 25 general election to replace the parliament, which has been mired in controversy and accused of hogging power.
Commentators say liberals will fill most seats in the new parliament, following the election which has been dogged by allegations of fraud, some of which have been accepted by the electoral commission. Libyan analyst Mohamed Eljarh said the rebels were seeking to seize control of strategic sites in the capital. “The Islamists are determined to maintain their position as a key player on the political scene, following their defeat in the recent elections and the rising threat from Haftar’s military operation against the Islamists in eastern Libya,” he said.
Renegade former general Khalifa Haftar launched an offensive against militias in Libya’s second city Benghazi in May. The disciplined Zintan militia has sided with well-armed forces loyal to him. Parts of eastern Libya, particularly Benghazi and the hill town of Derna, have become jihadist strongholds, and renewed clashes in Benghazi on Monday between troops and militia killed at least seven people and wounded 49, medics said.

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