ISLAMABAD: The Economic Advisory Council (EAC) in its first meeting on Saturday decided to provide expert advice to government for formulation of policies in critical sectors like power, exploration of natural resources, agriculture, social, resource mobilisation, Public Sector Disinvestment and foreign remittances.
The first meeting of the EAC, which lasted for over four hours, was held at the Finance Ministry with Finance Minister Ishaq Dar in the chair.
In his opening remarks the finance minister welcomed the members of the EAC and expressed the hoped that the reactivation of EAC will prove to be useful as this forum would provide an opportunity to interact and exchange ideas with prominent persons associated with the economy of Pakistan. The Ministry of Finance, he added wanted to benefit from their wisdom and was open to any suggestions, which could add value. If we all put our head together we can turn around Pakistan’s economy, he added. The Ministry of Finance, he offered, was ready to provide them access and arrange meetings so that they can play a productive role.
The council after thorough deliberations decided that it shall identify certain critical sectors and areas where its input could help the government in formulating policies. In this connection the EAC identified power sector, exploration of natural resources, agriculture, social sector, resource mobilization, Public Sector Disinvestment and foreign remittances as areas where its expertise could be utilised.
The finance minister said that tapping of natural resources and mobilisation of resources and of the natural resources is the way forward and that government is pro-actively working on both these counts.
The finance minister referring to a briefing made by him earlier to the cabinet and media on January 1, 2014 said that the PML-N government is committed to transparency and has therefore constituted an autonomous body called the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) so that authenticity of economic figures can be ensured. The government he said will do all that is possible to further strengthen PBS and would welcome suggestions to achieve robust economic data. Similarly, the decision to release quarterly accounts as well as re-basing of accounts every 10 years has been taken with the purpose to bring transparency in the monetary and fiscal side.
Dilating on the legacy inherited by the present government he said that the projected deficit last fiscal year was reduced from 8.8 percent to 8.2 percent with prudent fiscal management by the PML-N government which was further brought down to 8.0 percent by provincial surpluses. Another challenge for the new government was the clearance of circular debt, which was cleared as it was legally, commercially and ethically binding on the government since it was a contractual obligation. It added 1,700 megawatts (MW) to the national grid and helped increase generation up to 14,500 MW and reduced load shedding considerably as well as increased industrial production which in turn helped achieve 5.0 percent growth in the first quarter.
The finance minister said that the economic situation inherited by the PML-N government left little option but to approach the IMF as external inflows had dried down due to failure on the part of the previous government to abide by Stand-by Arrangement agreed with the IMF.
The IMF diligence helped the present government in re-engaging with international institutions. There is no harm to borrow and create assets but certainly bad if it is used for current expenditures, he added
Disclosing that the IMF team is expected in the end of this month he informed the council that IFC and other international commercial banks and organisations are approaching the government and he is confident that Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves would reach $16 billion by December 31, 2014. He also disclosed that the remittances have shown an increase of 9.0 percent, which reached $7.78 billion while exports have increased to $12.64 billion, showing an increase of 5.0 percent this year. The commercial banks had increased credit to the private sector to Rs 250 billion against Rs 73 billion which reflected increase in economic activity, similarly the revenue collection has also shown a growth of 17 percent in the last five months as compared to the same period last year.
Turning to the exchange rate situation the minister said speculators were responsible for depreciation of the rupee against the dollar and said that comments on exchange rate issue should be made in a responsible manner. All members of the EAC endorsed the viewpoint of finance minister on the issue and assured him of their full support as it was a sensitive issue.
The finance minister said that the government is undertaking reforms which are sometimes painful. It is also working on a policy to tap hydro carbon resources as there are reports of proven reserves.
Dr Ashfaq H Khan appreciated the government decision for publishing a tax directory. He further suggested strengthening of PBS through its capacity building.
Dr Furrukh Saleem appreciated the endeavours of the government to manage budget deficit, which he termed as the root cause of our economic malaise. Supporting the government’s policy of disinvestment of Public Sector Entities he suggested a communication strategy for public awareness in order to dispel any misperception
Farrukh Qayyum said that the way the auction of spectrum licence is carried out would set the pace for planned disinvestment by the government.
Dr Abid Qayyum Suleryi appreciated the decision of the finance minister to allot NTN numbers to parliamentarians and offered to make a presentation on shale gas deposits in the country.
Arshad Zubari suggested that the government should appoint a professional to manage debt and encourage construction industry to create new job opportunities.
Razzaq Dawood emphsised on the need to work out a comprehensive policy to boost exports which according to him was the solution to our economic problems.
Rarooq Rehmatullah offered to make a presentation on Pakistan’s hydrocarbon potential in the next meeting of EAC.
It was decided that the next meeting of the EAC would be held in the second week of February. The meeting was attended by Razzaq Dawood, Dr Ashfaq H Khan, Abid Hussain, Shahid Hafeez Kardar, Arshad Zubari, Farooq Rehmatullah, Saqib Sherani, Dr Furrakh Saleem, Board of Investment Chairman Miftah Ismail, State Bank of Pakistan Governor Yaseen Anwar, Poverty Alleviation Fund CEO Qazi Azmat Easa, SDP’s Dr Abid Qayum Suleri, Finance Secretary Dr Waqar Masood, Finance Adviser Rana Asad Amin and senior officials of the Ministry of Finance.
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